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What is caviar?

How is caviar produced?


Caviar is a product made from the eggs of the sturgeon.

It is an exceptional delicacy, a star product of French fine dining and cuisine.

In this new article, we invite you to discover the different types of Kaviari caviar.

Beluga, French Baeri, Transmontanus, there are several varieties of caviar, each with its own specific characteristics.

Ready for a treat?

What is caviar?

Caviar is an exceptional product made from sturgeon roe. The roe of this fish are refined and matured to give caviar its unique and exceptional texture, flavor and quality.

The sturgeon is a fish of the Acipenseriformes family. Large in size, its elongated, subcylindrical body can measure up to 3.50 meters and weigh up to 500 kilos. This fish has no scales, but cartilaginous plates called “scutes” or bony escutcheons, the number and configuration of which determine the species. They can live up to 100 years! This longevity also explains the length of its puberty, from 8 to 20 years depending on the variety.

There are at least 26 varieties of sturgeon in the world. Today, only 9 species have been selected for breeding. Among them at Kaviari: Baeri, Ossetra, Transmontanus, Kristal®…

Caviar in the past

In the past, the Caspian Sea was the main source of all caviar. Wild caviar was 90% sourced from the Caspian Sea. Threatened with extinction, the sturgeon was classified as a protected species by CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, also known as the Washington Convention). The end of wild caviar.

To preserve the species, producers are turning to breeding sturgeon in the wild on fish farms.

France, for example, is home to one of the most famous sturgeon farms in the world: the Sologne farm, where the Baeri sturgeon is cultivated. French Baeri caviar is appreciated for its iodized, earthy flavors, with hints of dried fruit on the finish.

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The Kaviari selection

Focus sur le caviar Baeri

Many sturgeon-rich rivers, such as the Volga and the Urals, flow into the Caspian Sea. These rivers, which form very flat estuaries, make good spawning grounds. The main species was Acipenser baerii, the Siberian sturgeon.

The Acipenser Baeri is a sturgeon that can grow up to 3 meters long. It measures between 0.50 and 1 meter, and weighs between 7 and 20kg. This species is mainly bred in France, and is now the most widespread of all breeds.

This sturgeon produces firm, dark ebony-gray grains. On the palate, caviar is recognized by its iodized, earthy flavors, with hints of dried fruit on the finish.

Discover Kaviari Baeri Caviar.

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Focus sur le caviar osciètre

Mythique et omnivore, cet esturgeon d’origine Russe était le poisson qui donnait, à l’état sauvage, les œufs les plus variables. Medium in size, the Acipenser gueldenstaedtii measures 1.5 to 2 meters, and weighs between 50 and 100 kilos. A l’époque du caviar sauvage, il représentait environ 30% du caviar iranien.

The Ossetra produces eggs after a minimum of 9 years.

Ses grains ambre aux reflets anthracite ou mordoré sont de bonne taille et réguliers. Il donne un caviar onctueux aux saveurs marines, délicatement salés et noisetées.

Discover Kaviari Ossetra Caviar.

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Focus sur le caviar Beluga

The wild Beluga was by far the largest fish of the species. This gigantic “elephant fish” promises an extraordinary harvest of caviar, and is the rare gem of which all Caspian Sea fishermen dream.

Originally from the Danube, the Beluga is now only bred on a handful of farms, as patience is required – at least 18 to 20 years! – for it to give its first eggs.

This fish could grow to over 5 or 6 meters in length.

Available in shades of gray, its grains are characterized by a very fine membrane, buttery notes and a unique length in the mouth.

Discover Kaviari Beluga Caviar.

Copyright ©Guillaume Czerw
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